NASA is a state-owned organization mandated to conduct space explorations. NASA has conducted various research on the moon and instigated new technological developments, including satellites that monitor foreign matter approaching earth. Consequently, the organization has conducted additional research on the moon and displayed images on the moon’s surface using robots, transmitting data to the base spacecraft. Additionally, NASA launched its first crewed spacecraft in 1969, which orchestrated a series of human spaceflights to space.
On the other hand, NASA plans to launch a crewed spacecraft to the moon composed of the first woman and a man in 2024. Since 1972, NASA could not launch a crewed spacecraft to the moon due to fatal accidents and technical hitches. However, after a series of tests, funding, and technological advancement, NASA is ready to launch to the moon. Jim Bridenstine, the NASA administrator, notes that the congress support will help propel the mission and rank America high in space explorations.
Jim further adds that NASA has actualized space exploration during the past 18 months and refined the budget and design. The launch’s aim includes increased scientific knowledge, economic advantage, and a motivation to the twenty-first-century explorers. Jim also noted that plans are underway to reach the red planet as NASA plans to launch to the moon. The plan to venture to the moon is in the Artemis program based on fundamental principles like scientific knowledge, business, and global partnerships. The stated principles will drive the organization to achieve more meaningful goals in space exploration.
On the other hand, NASA has established a modern rocket termed as the Space Launch System (SLS) to launch the astronauts to the moon. Furthermore, the SLS completion is underway, and the core is in the final stages of completion. Additionally, the Orion spacecraft is also close to completion, and the launch is sooner. The core and the spacecraft will follow a procedural test to ensure that the spacecraft and core are functional. First, the core will undergo a fire test, after which NASA will transfer it to the Kennedy Space Centre based in Florida.
The assembly is the second process where technicians will integrate the core with the spacecraft. The last procedure will be launching the SLS and Orion at once, testing the communication proficiencies, performance, and life support. The initial launch test is Artemis I, which will not carry any astronaut, and the next test will be Artemis Ⅱ that will be crewed.