The numerous space launch missions conducted by state agencies and commercial space companies continue to build up the ever-growing amount of space debris. Many space experts warn that the massive satellite constellations will establish a strong satellite communications network but at the cost of increase space junk. Technological improvements in satellite building introduced innovative solutions that help space companies achieve better results at establishing their systems of satellites. The interlink for miniature satellites is one of the cutting-edge technologies. The interconnections boost the communications to increase speeds during uplink and downlink. A developer innovated the use of Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning to improve satellite communications. Recent satellite launches incorporated advanced systems to boost cybersecurity to prevent hacking and hijacking threats. Space agencies release considerable investments into better satellite modules that improve the previously inaugurated satellites’ capabilities. The satellite manufacturers and operators decommission the outdated satellites to make room for their new satellite constellations.
A typical example is SpaceX’s recent launch of 60 Starlink broadband communications satellites that forces the company to deorbit its predecessor satellites for the Starlink project. The decommissioning procedures leave behind massive space fragments that impair navigation of future space launches. During this year’s conference on Satellite Innovation, most delegates discussed the topic of tracking, monitoring, and avoiding collisions with the build-up of space debris. The debris problem ranked as the most talked about during the entire conference. Tony Gingiss, the Chief Executive of OneWeb, said that most space companies continue to ignore the problem of space junk. Despite the menace being unavoidable and difficult to track, stakeholders in the space industry must spearhead the space landscape restructuring. The reforms include instituting a policy to govern space activities to monitor space launch activities to ensure that individual space companies are responsible for adding space debris. The regulations will advocate developing tracking technologies to help space organizations locate space junk from their launch missions.
A developer of space equipment recently unveiled a state-of-the-art robotic technology to extract space junks. Officials from the company said that the project is still a working-in-progress, planning to produce a fully functional prototype for upcoming satellite launch missions. Space companies such as SpaceX, Amazon, and OneWeb continue with preparations for inaugurations of more satellites to establish their broadband satellite constellation. State government officials and industry experts warn of the increased risk of collisions with the already existing space junk.
In conclusion, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) plans to implement reforms to the regulations for mitigation of space debris, instituted back in 2004.